Classroom Presentation (in order to view the presentation and listen to the audio lectures simultaneously, right click the .pdf attachment [or, if using a Mac, control + click the attachment], open the attachment in a separate window, and play the appropriate audio presentation below):




Audio Presentations (open the classroom presentation above in a separate window, and select the appropriate audio presentation by hitting the play button):

- Unit 3, Lesson 1 - Europe's Quest for the East
- Unit 3, Lesson 2 - Christopher Columbus
- Unit 3, Lesson 3 - Spanish Efforts in the "New World" (De Soto, Spanish Missions, etc.)
- Unit 3, Lesson 4 - Spanish Motivations for Exploration (God, Gold, Glory)
- Unit 3, Lesson 5 - French & English Exploration
- Unit 3, Lesson 6 - The Founding of Georgia, 1732
- Unit 3, Lesson 7 - The Troubled Trustee Period (1733-1752)
- Unit 3, Lesson 8 - The War of Jenkins' Ear (& the Battle of Bloody Marsh)
- Unit 3, Lesson 9 - Royal Georgia (1752-1776)

Supplementary Resources (a number of items have been provided below - pictures, video clips, downloadable attachments, etc. - to help you further investigate the themes and lessons encountered in this unit; note that, due to certain Internet restrictions, not all video clips may be accessible while at school):

-- THE AGE OF EXPLORATION (1480s - 1600s) --

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Cast of Characters

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The Portuguese:

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Prince Henry the Navigator - His urge to find a water route to the East, and his "Maritime Academy," did much to propel the "Age of Exploration"

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Bartholomew Dias - Became, in 1487, the first European to reach the Cape of Good Hope (the southern tip of Africa), placing Portugal firmly in the lead in the race to find a water route to the east
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Vasco Da Gama - Though his accomplishment was too late to ensure Portuguese dominance, he, in 1497 (five years after Columbus discovers the New World), becomes the first to find an all-water route to India


The Spanish:


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Ferdinand and Isabella - The Co-Regents of Spain who took a gamble on Christopher Columbus
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Christopher Columbus - Accidental discoverer of the "New World" who never relinquished the belief that he had, in fact, found a water route to the Indies


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Hernando De Soto - First European to explore the interior of the southeaster United States (including Georgia) before being killed on the banks of the Mississippi River
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Conquistadors - Spanish explorers were also soldiers, dedicated to expanding the Spanish Empire

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Hernando De Soto discovers the Mississippi River


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Spanish Missionaries - Where the Spanish Empire went, the Catholic Church went with them.


The Roman Catholic Church:
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Pope Alexander VI - Drew the "Line of Demarcation," inadvertently making Spain the dominant global power for nearly two centuries


The French:

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Varrazano - Becomes, in 1524, the first French explorer in the New World, exploring the North American coast, possibly as far south as Georgia
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Champlain - In the early 1600s, Champlain explores Canada and established an important fur trade at the settlement of Quebec
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La Salle - In the 1680s, claimed the lower Mississippi River region for France and established the ports of New Orleans and Mobile


The English:

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Cabot - In 1497 (only five years after Columbus, 20+ years before Verrazano, and 40+ years before De Soto), claims North America on behalf of England; though he is later lost at sea, his explorations would become the basis for English claims on the New World
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Henry VIII - English king in the 1530s who pulled England out of the Catholic Church, provoking centuries of conflict between England and Catholic states in Europe (particularly Spain)
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Elizabeth I - Queen of England during the Spanish Armada attack (1588); arguably, the strongest monarch in English history



Video clips:

1. Several excellent clips on Marco Polo:






2. Christopher Columbus (the first is a fairly simple but decent video of Christopher Columbus; remember, however, that most educated persons in those days did not believe that the world was flat, but debated whether or not the earth was the center of the solar system):





-- COLONIAL GEORGIA (1732-1776) --

Cast of Characters

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James Oglethorpe - A British lawmaker and humanitarian who wanted to plant a colony for the "poor and unfortunate" to escape the corruptions of English society and prosper in the wilderness; he would found the colony of Georgia as an experiment in charity
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King George II - Granted Oglethorpe a charter, in 1732, to create the colony of Georgia for the purposes of charity, economics, and defense (C, E, D)
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Tomochichi (with nephew, Toonahawi) - Chief of the Yamacraw who became a close friend of Oglethorpe and the Georgia colonists, and who gave Yamacraw Bluff to be the site of the settlement of Savannah
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Mary Musgrove (far left) - A half-Yamacraw, half-Scottish woman who became Oglethorpe's interpreter and trusted advisor
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Savannah (1734) - Built atop Yamacraw Bluff, Savannah is Georgia's oldest city and the first planned city (planned by Noble Jones) in American history
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The Battle of Bloody Marsh (1742) - Oglethorpe repulses a Spanish attack on St. Simon's Island and permanently ends the Spanish threat to Georgia
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Captain John Reynolds - Georgia's first Royal Governor, Reynolds was extremely unpopular and stern, and was relieved of duty after only three years.
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Sir James Wright - Georgia's final, longest-serving, most efficient, and most popular Royal Governor.


USING YOUR STUDY GUIDE, CLASS PRESENTATIONS, LECTURES, AND ANY OTHER RESOURCES, COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS/MIND MAPS:

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Enrichment Activities (using the "Analyzing a Primary Source" worksheet, download and analyze one of the attached primary source documents below):

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