Classroom Presentation (in order to view the presentation and listen to the audio lectures simultaneously, right click the .pdf attachment [or, if using a Mac, control + click the attachment], open the attachment in a separate window, and play the appropriate audio presentation below):






Audio Presentations (open the classroom presentation above in a separate window, and select the appropriate audio presentation by hitting the play button):

- Unit 4, Lesson 1 - Causes: The French & Indian War
- Unit 4, Lesson 2 - Causes: Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts
- Unit 4, Lesson 3 - The Declaration of Independence
- Unit 4, Lesson 4 - The Revolutionary War in Georgia
- Unit 4, Lesson 5 - The Constitution of 1777 & the Articles of Confederation
- Unit 4, Lesson 6 - Georgia Ratifies the U.S. Constitution
- Unit 4, Lesson 7 - Georgia's Educational, Population, and Religious Growth
- Unit 4, Lesson 8 - The Yazoo Land Fraud of 1795
- Unit 4, Lesson 9 - Cotton, Railroads, and the Growth of Atlanta
- Unit 4, Lesson 10 - Creek and Cherokee Removal

Supplementary Resources (a number of items have been provided below - pictures, video clips, downloadable attachments, etc. - to help you further investigate the themes and lessons encountered in this unit; note that, due to certain Internet restrictions, not all video clips may be accessible while at school):

-- THE CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR (1763 - 1776) --

Cast of Characters

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King George III - Assuming the throne of Great Britain in 1760, he would oversee an Empire in crisis; during his reign, relations with his American colonies would deteriorate and ultimately result in complete separation.
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Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton - Georgia's signers of the Declaration of Independence


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Elijah Clarke - Whig hero of the Battle of Kettle Creek who used guerrilla tactics to defeat the British and prevent them from capturing the backcountry
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Austin Dabney - Former slave who fought for the Whigs at Kettle Creek, was severely wounded, and was granted his freedom for his patriotic service (Dabney's land grant is shown on the lower left)
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Nancy Hart - The six-foot tall "Wauhatchie War Woman" who served as a Whig spy and who famously killed several British soldiers who attempted to invade her home


INTERESTING STORY ON AUSTIN DABNEY: Wallace State Professor Speaks on Revolutionary War Hero During Black History Month

-- RATIFICATION OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION AND BILL OF RIGHTS (1777 - 1789) --

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The United States Constitution - Page 1
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The United States Constitution, Page 2
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The United States Constitution, Page 3
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The United States Constitution, Page 4 - The signatures of Abraham Baldwin and William Few, Georgia's two signers, can be seen in the bottom center of the document.
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The Bill of Rights
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Abraham Baldwin - GA delegate to the Constitutional Convention, signer of the Constitution, founder of the University of Georgia, and UGA's first President.
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William Few - GA delegate to the Constitutional Convention and signer of the Constitution


-- EARLY GEORGIA STATEHOOD (1789 - 1840) --

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The University of Georgia Seal - Founded in 1785 (the year that the University's charter, written by Abraham Baldwin, was approved by the General Assembly), UGA was the first public, land-grant institution of higher learning in American history.
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Franklin College (also called Old College) - Established in 1801 in Athens, GA, and modeled after Yale, Franklin College was the first college at UGA and, today, serves as UGA's North Campus.
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First Colored Baptist Church - Established in 1788 in Savannah, First Colored Baptist Church is the oldest continuously operating African-American church in the United States.
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The Yazoo Land Fraud (1795) - In reaction to the embarrassment of the Yazoo Land Scandal, Georgia's leaders, including U.S. Senator James Jackson, symbolically burned a copy of the Yazoo Land Act on the state capitol grounds in Louisville in 1796; the ceremonial burning was repeated for years on the anniversary of the scandal.
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Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin - Invented in 1793, Eli Whitney's cotton gin would make cotton "king" in the South, would lead to a dependence upon slave labor, and would require the building of railroads in Georgia to accommodate transportation of the "white gold" to the port city of Savannah.


-- CREEK & CHEROKEE REMOVAL --

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Chief Alexander McGillivray - Creek Chief who fought for the British in the Revolutionary War and agreed to cede all Creek lands east of the Oconee River to Georgia in exchange for peace and recognition of Creek sovereignty.
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Chief William McIntosh - Creek Chief of ceded all remaining Creek lands to Georgia in the "Treaty of Indian Springs"; he was assassinated by a Creek war party for his "betrayal."
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George Guess (Sequoyah) - Author of the Cherokee syllabry; because of his accomplish, the Cherokee could now speak, read, and write in their own language.
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The Cherokee Syllabary
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John Ross - Cherokee leader who successfully argued on behalf of the Cherokee nation before the U.S. Supreme Court in the 1832 "Worcester vs. Georgia" case.
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Chief Justice John Marshall - Supreme Court Chief Justice who decided, in "Worcester vs. Georgia," that the U.S. was obligated to respect Cherokee sovereignty, and that Georgia's efforts to infringe upon Cherokee sovereignty were unconstitutional.
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Andrew Jackson ("Sharp Knife") - 7th President of the United States and famed soldier and Indian fighter; he vigorously pursued Indian Removal, persuaded Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act in 1830, and in defiance of the Supreme Court, ordered the forced removal of all eastern Indians to reservations in present-day Oklahoma; the he was the scourge of Native Americans (who gave him the nickname "Sharp Knife"), he would forever be hailed, in Georgia, as a hero.


VIDEO CLIPS:


A "cheesy" but informative reenactment of the Great Compromise.


A short, informative film on the impact of Eli Whitney's cotton gin.


Indian Removal in Georgia (Part 1 of 6) - Introduction


Indian Removal in Georgia (Part 2 of 6) - The Creek


Indian Removal in Georgia (Part 3 of 6) - The Cherokee


Indian Removal in Georgia (Part 4 of 6) - "Sharp Knife" (Andrew Jackson)


Indian Removal in Georgia (Part 5 of 6) - The 1828 Dahlonega Gold Rush (good info., but ignore the narrator's mispronunciations)

Indian Removal in Georgia (Part 6 - 6) COULD NOT BE FOUND


Cherokee History As You've Never Heard It - Part 1


Cherokee History As You've Never Heard It - Part 2


Enrichment Activities (using the "Analyzing a Primary Source" worksheet, download and analyze one of the attached primary source documents below):

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