Classroom Presentation (in order to view the presentation and listen to the audio lectures simultaneously, right click the .pdf attachment [or, if using a Mac, control + click the attachment], open the attachment in a separate window, and play the appropriate audio presentation below):



Audio Presentations (open the classroom presentation above in a separate window, and select the appropriate audio presentation by hitting the play button):

- Unit 5, Lesson 1 - Causes of the Civil War: Slavery
- Unit 5, Lesson 2 - Causes of the Civil War: States' Rights & Tariffs
- Unit 5, Lesson 3 - The Missouri Compromise (1820)
- Unit 5, Lesson 4 - The Compromise of 1850
- Unit 5, Lesson 5 - Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott, & the Election of 1860
- Unit 5, Lesson 6 - Secessionists & Moderates (Stephens & Brown)
- Unit 5, Lesson 7 - The Civil War, Part 1
- Unit 5, Lesson 8 - The Civil War, Part 2
- Unit 5, Lesson 9 - Reconstruction

Supplementary Resources (a number of items have been provided below - pictures, video clips, downloadable attachments, etc. - to help you further investigate the themes and lessons encountered in this unit; note that, due to certain Internet restrictions, not all video clips may be accessible while at school):

-- THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR (1820 - 1860) --

Cast of Characters

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"King Cotton" - The chief cash crop of the deep south, many, like S.C. Senator James Hammond, believed that cotton was "king" and would allow the south to wield incomparable influence over the world.

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Henry Clay - Ambitious southern nationalist whose work on the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850 earned him the title of the "Great Compromiser."
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Steven A. Douglas - Rival of Lincoln in the 1858 Senatorial campaign in Illinois and in the 1860 Presidential campaign, Douglas was famous for being the architect of the principle of popular sovereignty; his position cost him the support of Southern Democrats during the 1860 Presidential election.
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Abraham Lincoln - The 16th President of the United States and the "Great Emancipator."
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John C. Breckinridge - U.S. Vice President under President James Buchanan, Southern Democratic candidate for President in 1860, and future Confederate general during the Civil War.
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John Bell - Tennessean who ran for President as the nominee of the Constitutional Union party; avoiding any discussion of slavery, Bell campaigned only on preserving the Union and actually won more electoral votes than Northern Democrat Stephen A. Douglas.
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Alexander H. Stephens - U.S. Senator from Georgia and an early anti-secession moderate; his intellect was so respected that, though an anti-secessionist, he was later chosen to be Vice President of the Confederate States of America; his notorious "Cornerstone" Speech has long been cited as proof that Southern leaders were, indeed, fighting to protect the institution of slavery.
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Joseph Brown - Georgia's radical wartime Governor, Brown led the faction of Georgians who eagerly urged Georgia's secession after the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency.
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A Nation Divided (1861-1865)
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Handwritten copy of Lincoln's Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
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Handwritten copy of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address (with corrections)...


-- THE CIVIL WAR (1861 - 1865) --

Cast of Characters

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William T. Sherman - Directed the Union War effort in Georgia as commander of Federal forces during the Atlanta Campaign and the "March to the Sea"; his destructive "March to the Sea" was intended to destroy the South's will to continue to fight.
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The Atlanta Campaign (1864)
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Sherman's "March to the Sea" (1864)
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Destruction during Sherman's "March to the Sea"...
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Sherman's Neckties
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Destruction during Sherman's "March to the Sea"...
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Destruction during Sherman's "March to the Sea"; the skeletal remains of buildings were referred to as "Sherman's Sentinels"...
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Lincoln's assassination by John Wilkes Booth in April 1865 dealt a severe blow to any hopes that the South might have had for a smooth transition back into the Union; angered by this event, Radical Republicans would impose an extremely harsh version of Reconstruction on the South.


-- RECONSTRUCTION (1867 - 1877) --

Cast of Characters

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John Pope - Military commander of Georgia during Reconstruction; in response to the decision, by Georgia's General Assembly, not to seat newly elected black members, Pope order the state capital moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta.
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Ku Klux Klan - Formed in opposition to Northern Reconstruction efforts, the KKK would terrorize African-Americans, members of the Freedman's Bureau, Republicans, carpetbaggers, and scalawags.
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Henry McNeal Turner - The first black chaplain in U.S. Army history, Turner was among the first elected African-American members of Georgia's General Assembly.


Video Clips:

Short film on the Missouri Compromise:


A student project on the Compromise of 1850:


A reenactment of the Lincoln-Douglas Debate on the Compromise of 1850:


Link to a video on Andersonville Prison Camp:
Andersonville Prison

Informative video on Sherman's March to the Sea:


Enrichment Activities (using the "Analyzing a Primary Source" worksheet, download and analyze one of the attached primary source documents below):

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