Classroom Presentation (in order to view the presentation and listen to the audio lectures simultaneously, right click the .pdf attachment [or, if using a Mac, control + click the attachment], open the attachment in a separate window, and play the appropriate audio presentation below):



Audio Presentations (open the classroom presentation above in a separate window, and select the appropriate audio presentation by hitting the play button):

- Unit 7, Lesson 1 - Georgia and World War I
- Unit 7, Lesson 2 - The Boll Weevil, Drought, and Great Depression
- Unit 7, Lesson 3 - FDR, the New Deal, and Eugene Talmadge
- Unit 7, Lesson 4 - The Causes of World War II
- Unit 7, Lesson 5 - Georgia's Contributions to World War II
- Unit 7, Lesson 6 - The Holocaust & FDR's Georgia Connection

Supplementary Resources (a number of items have been provided below - pictures, video clips, downloadable attachments, etc. - to help you further investigate the themes and lessons encountered in this unit; note that, due to certain Internet restrictions, not all video clips may be accessible while at school):

-- WORLD WAR I (1914 - 1918) --

Cast of Characters

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European colonialism, motivated by mercantilism, prompted European nations to compete for territorial control of Africa; by 1914, all of Africa, except Liberia and the Empire of Ethiopia, was under the control of European colonial powers.
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European Military Alliances in 1914 - On the eve of World War I, Europeans had hoped to achieve a balance of power in Europe by dividing themselves into two great armed alliances, the Central Powers and the Allies (or the Triple Entente).

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Archduke Franz Ferdinand - The crown prince of the Austro-Hungarian Empire whose assassination on June 28, 1914 would spark World War I.


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The Arrest of Gavrilo Princip - On 28 June 1914, at approximately 1:15 pm, Franz Ferdinand and his wife were killed in Sarajevo, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by Gavrilo Princip, 19 at the time, a member of Young Bosnia and one of a group of assassins organized by "The Black Hand"; the event, known as the Assassination in Sarajevo, led to a chain of events that eventually triggered World War I.
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Woodrow Wilson - The 28th President of the United States; an academic, Wilson was a devoted Presbyterian, President of Princeton University, and the only U.S. President to earn a Ph.D. (in History and Political Science); he was elected President in 1912 and pledged to keep the U.S. out of World War I, and was eventually convinced that, in order to make the world "safe for democracy," the U.S. must enter the war on the side of the Allies.
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The RMS Lusitania...
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The Sinking of the Lusitania on May 7, 1915 - A German U-boat torpedoed the RMS Lusitania of the cost of Ireland in May 1915, killing 1198 passengers (including 128 Americans) and turning public opinion against Germany and the German practice of unrestricted submarine warfare.
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The Zimmerman Telegram - A 1917 diplomatic proposal from Germany (written by German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmerman) to Mexico to make war against the U.S.; in particular, Germany offered Mexico aid in the reconquest of territory lost in the Mexican-American War (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona) in exchange for a military alliance between Germany, Mexico, and potentially, the Empire of Japan.
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The Zimmerman Telegram as it was sent to Mexico.
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U.S. War Prison #2 at Fort Oglethorpe, GA, which housed German Prisoners of War from 1917 - 1920.


-- THE PRE-DEPRESSION AND GREAT DEPRESSION ERA (1915 - 1939) --

Cast of Characters

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The Boll Weevil - Cotton farmers, who had ignored the advice of industrialists and New South leaders to diversify, were devastated by the arrival of the boll weevil in 1915; by 1923, the boll weevil had destroyed 66% (2/3) of all of Georgia's cotton output...
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Boll Weevil - The boll weevil destroyed cotton by laying its eggs in cotton bolls; as the larvae matured, they ate the cotton inside the bolls...
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The Stock Market Crash - The 1929 stock market crash would be the spark that would ignite the Great Depression, the longest period of high unemployment and low economic activity in modern history.
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The Stock Market Crash of 1929 - World headlines capture the Stock Market crash; the crash would not only hurt America, but would hurt the world, ushering in an era of totalitarianism that would ignite World War II...
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The Great Depression - Men in line (for food or for employment opportunities), a familiar site during the Great Depression.
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Hoovervilles - Shantytowns like this sprang up throughout America as the Great Depression brought on an unprecedented level of homelessness; sitting President, Herbert Hoover, who believed in laissez-faire governmental policies, was widely blamed for the depression and resented for his unresponsiveness; as a result, towns like this were referred to as "Hoovervilles"...
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'Migrant Mother' by Dorethea Lange - This historic photograph depicts the plight of California pea pickers during the Great Depression; worry and concern are etched in the face of Florence Owens Thompson, a destitute 32 year old mother of seven who was struggling to survive during the dark days of the Great Depression in 1936...
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FDR - Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, who was elected President by promising to use the resources of the government to solve the problems of the Great Depression; his Presidency ushered in a new area of government involvement and enlargement that would never be reversed...
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The New Deal - FDR's New Deal created numerous government programs, often designated by acronyms (e.g., AAA, CCC, TVA, SSA, NYA, WPA); the New Deal is often referred to as "alphabet soup"...
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The New Deal - The New Deal programs were quite expensive, implying a larger government and higher taxes...
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Eugene Talmadge - A fiery politician from Forsyth, Georgia, Talmadge represented the populist, small-government alternative to FDR in Georgia; he would, during the Depression era, serve three terms as Governor...Talmadge despised the New Deal because he believed in small government and low taxes (the New Deal, of course, required the opposite)...
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Eugene Talmadge - During the Depression era, Governors of Georgia were prohibited from serving consecutive gubernatorial terms; while not serving as Governor, therefore, Talmadge would serve in the important office of Commissioner of Agriculture...
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Eugene Talmadge - Talmadge gained national recognition for his opposition to the New Deal (and, unfortunately, for the racially-charged Cocking Affair, which led the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to strip UGA of its accreditation); Talmadge always remained popular with farmers and other Populists, and was even considered by some as a potential challenger to FDR for leadership of the Democratic Party and, ultimately, the U.S. Presidency...
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Did the New Deal of World War II (or both) solved the Great Depression???


-- WORLD WAR II (1939 - 1945) --

Cast of Characters

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Adolf Hitler - Hitler, along with Mussolini, Stalin, Franco, Tojo, etc., represented a rise in fascism that would result in the outbreak of World War II.
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Blitzkreig - The German invasion of Poland, on September 1, 1939, igniting World War II.
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The Lend-Lease Act - Though Roosevelt pledged the United States to neutrality, he was committed to the success of the Allied powers; to ensure that success, Roosevelt transformed the U.S. into an "arsenal of democracy" through the Lend-Lease Act, which allowed the U.S. to lend crucial war supplies to the Allied powers, in exchange for leases to bases in Greenland and Iceland (i.e., the North Atlantic).
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December 7, 1941 - The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
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December 7, 1941 - The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
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December 8, 1941 - President Fraklin D. Roosevelt addresses a joint-session of Congress to ask for a formal declaration of war agains the Empire of Japan.


- FDR asks Congress to declare war (December 8, 1941)

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FDR signs the declaration of war against Japan.
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GA contributions - The shipyards of Savannah and Brunswick were used to build the square-hulled transport vessels known as the Liberty Ships.
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GA Contributions - During WWII, 663 B-29 bombers were constructed at the Bell Aircraft plant in Marietta, GA, where over 20,000 Georgians (including women and African-Americans) were employed.
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Senator Richard B. Russell - Russell used his enormous influence as a 7-term U.S. Senator and Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee to bring many military installations (and, therefore, jobs and money) to Georgia.
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Rep. Carl Vinson - During his 25 terms in the U.S. House of Representatives (50 years), Vinson worked hard, along with Senator Russell, on military matters, and successfully arranged for the location of numerous military installations in Georgia; Georgia now has more military facilities than any other state but Texas.


VIDEO CLIPS:

Documentary video on the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary:


Short film on the onset of World War I:


Good summary of the Great Depression:


Film footage of Eugene Talmadge!!!:


Excellent documentary on the attack on Pearl Harbor:


Documentary footage on the Holocaust (WARNING: some scenes may be graphic and disturbing!!!):


FDR at the "Little White House" in Warm Springs, GA:



Enrichment Activities (using the "Analyzing a Primary Source" worksheet, download and analyze one of the attached primary source documents below):
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